book coverConflict between Sikhs and Muslims in the diaspora has been remarked upon but rarely subject to sustained analytical investigation. The Global Sikh and Muslim Intercultural Learning Environment (SMILE) project, documents 10 years of on going academic research examining Sikh and Muslim relations in the UK and North America. It serves as a rich resource to engage a range of community members and organizations, guiding users to develop their interests around interfaith dialogue and intercultural learning. Providing the first transatlantic comparative investigation this website explores how the relations between Sikhs and Muslims have been manifested in the UK, Canada, and the US, and offers tools and information for building the path to better relations.

Based on a series of longitudinal qualitative interviews with members from the Sikh community this website explores three key overlapping themes:

  • How Sikh and Muslim relations are shaped by different diasporic histories and experiences
  • How the politics of the war on terror, and local inflections of global racisms shape relations between Sikhs and Muslims
  • How settlement and migration have affected relations between Sikhs and Muslims around issues to do with gender, forced’ conversions, identity and belonging

The website offers new empirical material on the formation of global diasporic communities and aims to encourage better relations between Sikhs and Muslims by implementing positive steps to enhance intercultural learning, shared understanding, and mutual respect. The purpose of this learning environment is to shed light on the value of shared bonds that connect Sikh and Muslim communities globally. It provides a range of resources to inform good practice through shared knowledge and understanding.

Meet the Author

Dr. Katy P. Sian, Lecturer in Sociology, University of York. Biography: I completed my PhD in 2009 at the University of Leeds in the School of Sociology and Social Policy where my first interest in Sikh-Muslim relations developed, focusing on the UK context. From 2010-2012 I worked on the TOLERACE project as a post-doctoral researcher […]


Over the course of my research I have published extensively on issues around Sikh and Muslim relations across a range of academic platforms. My research has also generated wider interest beyond the academic world featuring on a number of media, community and activist outlets. See below for further details. Books, Journal Articles, and Book Chapters […]

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Research Methodologies

My research on Sikh and Muslim relations has focused exclusively on Sikh reflections and representations of tensions and conflict. I have adopted a mixed method approach which has included: 70 Semi-Structured Interviews with members from the Sikh community in the UK, Canada, and the USA | Participant Observation | and Critical Document Analysis of Sikh […]

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Timeline of Research

My research into the topic of Sikh and Muslim relations has spanned over a decade. This activity has included organizing and conducting fieldwork, data analysis, writing up findings, and presenting my work to a range of different national and international audiences. Below is a timeline of my key contributions and work in the area. 2006-2009: […]

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